Aberdeenshire HER - NJ92NW0001 - CASTLE OF ESSLEMONT

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Main Details

Primary ReferenceNJ92NW0001
NameCASTLE OF ESSLEMONT
NRHE Card No.NJ92NW1
NRHE Numlink 20361
HES SM No. 3400
HES LB No.
Site Form Standing Structure
Site Condition Incomplete
Details Remains of castle. In 1493 the castle was destroyed by fire, and another was not erected until probably the latter part of the 16th century. This 3-storey L-shaped towerhouse survives as a roofless shell with a square staircase in the re-entrant angle, and a large round tower appended to the E corner. It stands on the side of a ditched enclosure. Excavation revealed the lower courses of the earlier castle, a massive L-shaped towerhouse over the two long sides, probably early 15th century. The remains of an enclosure, probably contemporary with the later castle, is built against the S wall. On the scarp of the surrounding ditch a curtain wall had stood, with an external heel. At the W corner were two round towers and the mutilated remains of a third on the NE side. The round tower of the later castle may be built over an earlier enceinte tower. A cross wall connects the curtain wall to the N side of the earlier towerhouse. The surrounding ditch may date from the 14th century.
Last Update15/08/2017
Updated Bynackerman
Compiler 
Date of Compilation 

Easting: 393210.323875069, Northing: 829742.779682525

Google Map for NJ92NW0001

National Grid Reference: NJ 9321 2974



Event Details

Event DateEvent TypeOASIS ID
1938 Excavation

Excavations and Surveys


Artefact and Ecofact

Date MDate YArtefact TypeFinderRecovery MethodConditionStorage LocationAccess No.
31938 MEDIEVAL POTTERY WDS Excavation Marischal Museum  
31938 MEDALLION WDS Excavation  
31938 WILLIAM III COIN WDS Excavation  

Ecofact

Samples Bones samples taken but subsequently lost at University of Aberdeen.
Palynology
Ecofact Notes

Monument Types

Monument Type 1Monument Type 2Monument Type 3OrderProbability
CASTLES REMAINS OFA100
TOWERHOUSES REMAINS OFB100
STAIRCASESSQUAREREMAINS OFC100
TOWERSROUND D100
COURTYARDS REMAINS OFE100
WALLSCURTAINREMAINS OFF100
KITCHENS REMAINS OFG100
DRAINSSLOP H100
VAULTSCELLARREMAINS OFI100
STAIRCASESSERVICE J100
MOATS REMAINS OFK100
POTTERY  L100
MEDALLIONS  M100
COINSSHILLINGWILLIAM IIIN100
BONES ANIMALO100