Aberdeenshire HER - NO99NW0004 - CAIRNWELL

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Main Details

Primary ReferenceNO99NW0004
NameCAIRNWELL
NRHE Card No.NO99NW4
NRHE Numlink 37212
HES SM No.
HES LB No.
Site Form Standing Structure
Site Condition Incomplete
Details Stone circle enclosing a ring cairn. The site is an inconspicuous position in a hollow. The inner circular stone setting suggests that this is a Clava-type ring-cairn. When excavated in 1858, there were 15 stones, now only 3 remain. The slabs of the inner stone-setting are on their long sides. Some of the stones are now somewhat displaced but originally the setting was carefully constructed and an accurate circle. Thomson stated that the kerb, which can only be traced intermittently, 'Consists of a tolerable close wall of small stones, nearly touching each other, set on edge...'. Fragments of urn found in the cairn during excavation have since been lost. Complete excavation of the cairn was carried out by AOC in 1994 prior to its reconstruction nearby. After excavation the structure was reconstructed 175m to the northwest. The ring cairn was found to have 3 main structural elements : the ring cairn, with an outer and inner kerb and rubble between, a stone circle enclosing the ring cairn, which had 3 stones in situ and excavation revealed a fallen stone and 3 possibly stone sockets, and a later deposit of rubble with an outer revetment. Beneath the ring cairn an earlier timber enclosure was found. Within the site 5 possible cremation pits were located. The site originally comprised an arc of pits, in use by the Middle Neolithic period surrounding a stone circle which may have been of similar date. After a long hiatus, a pyre was burnt within the stone circle . A timber enclosure, with an entrance to the south, was then erected within the stone circle and five urned cremations interred in pits in the centre of the enclosure. Later the timber enclosure was replaced by a stone ring-cairn which respected the interior area delimited by the timber enclosure. This ring-cairn was subsequently expanded to incorporate the stone circle.
Last Update25/06/2019
Updated Bycpalmer
Compiler 
Date of Compilation16/10/1992

Easting: 390677.527, Northing: 797419.9295

Google Map for NO99NW0004

National Grid Reference: NO 9067 9741



Event Details

Event DateEvent TypeOASIS ID
1995 Excavation
1963 Excavation
1858 Excavation

Excavations and Surveys

Date MDate YTypeDurationDirector / OrganisationAuspicesFundExtent
 1858  ALEX. THOMSON   
 1995  J BARBER & T REESAOCG&JI100

Artefact and Ecofact

Date MDate YArtefact TypeFinderRecovery MethodConditionStorage LocationAccess No.
 1863 URN FRAGMENTS AT Excavation Unknown  
 1995 FLINT FLAKES Excavation  
 1995 WORKED QUARTZ Excavation  
 1995 NEOLITHIC POTTERY Excavation  
 1995 BRONZE AGE POTTERY Excavation  

Ecofact

Samples
Palynology
Ecofact Notes

Monument Types

Monument Type 1Monument Type 2Monument Type 3OrderProbability
STONE-CIRCLES REMAINS OFA100
CAIRNSRING B100
CAIRNS CLAVAC85
STONESKERBREMAINS OFD100
URNS  E100
FLAKESFLINT F100
FLAKESQUARTZWORKEDG100
POTTERY  H90
POTTERY  I100