Aberdeenshire SMR - NK05NW0001 - BERRYBRAE STONE CIRCLE

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Main Details

Primary ReferenceNK05NW0001
NameBERRYBRAE STONE CIRCLE
NRHE Card No.NK05NW2
NRHE Numlink 21099
HES Ref No.8
HES SM No.
HES LB No.
Site Form Standing Structure
Site Condition Incomplete
Details Recumbent stone circle. Only five stones remain, including the recumbent, two massive stone blocks in situ (one the W pillar) and two prostrate and broken stones, one the E pillar. They are set in an oval bank, the area enclosed being lower than the natural ground surface. Excavation revealed two phases of this circle. The ground was first levelled by construction of a clay and rubble platform, up to 1.2m deep on the southern side. The first phase of the monument consisted of a low oval bank of stones, 12.8m by 10.8m, constructed on the platform with a recumbent and nine standing stones round the bank's perimeter. There was a ring cairn (c. 4.7m diameter, the inner kerb bordering an area only 1.4m across) in the central area within which were two cremation burials. One of the cremations had a leaf-shaped arrowhead, another was associated with a shallow pit containing unburnt sherds of Bronze Age pottery. A third cremation was located on the SE edge of the ring cairn associated with small quartz fragments. A platform of large stones linked the ring cairn and recumbent was was also associated with a concentration of quartz fragments. In the second phase (dated to c. 1700 BC by radiocarbon dating) the circle was wrecked, which involved truncating the standing stones other than the recumbent and W flanker. The ring cairn was levelled and a stone wall piled over the former bank and stone stumps to form an enclosed cremation cemetery. The bank was reconstructed after excavation in 1976.
Last Update19/05/2014
Updated Bycherbert
Compiler 
Date of Compilation14/02/1997


Event Details

Event DateEvent TypeOASIS ID
1976 Excavation

Excavations and Surveys


Artefact and Ecofact

Ecofact

Samples
Palynology
Ecofact Notes

Monument Types

Monument Type 1Monument Type 2Monument Type 3OrderProbability
ARROWHEADS LEAF-SHAPEDH100
STONE-CIRCLES RECUMBENTA100
BANKSSTONE B100
CAIRNSRING C100
CEMETERIESCREMATION D100
BONES BURNTE100
URNS  F100
BURIALSCREMATION G100