Aberdeenshire SMR - NO59NW0005 - ABOYNE CASTLE

Print site NO59NW0005 Feedback on site NO59NW0005

Main Details

Primary ReferenceNO59NW0005
NameABOYNE CASTLE
NRHE Card No.NO59NW5
NRHE Numlink 35305
HES SM No.
HES LB No. 3122
Site Form Standing Structure
Site Condition Complete 2
Details Castle, in residential use, occupying almost the same site as a possible medieval peel, and a horizontal motehill castle of the Bissets, lords of Strathdee, from before 1233. The site was protected by a wide boggy loch formed by the Tarland Burn. In 1242 the Thanage of Aboyne lapsed to the Crown and the estate appears thereafter as a favourite royal residence. It played a locally important part in the Wars of Independence, and in 1307 Edward I sent instructions for its fortifications. No further record exists until mention of the 17th century 'house'. The present building has been so much altered and enlarged in the 18th and 19th century that its original plan cannot be determined, but the NW portion is the oldest, incorporating a 5-storey circular tower, corbelled to square, and crowned with a classical balustrade. This is presumably part of the 'house' capable of defence, which existed in 1638, and was partially rebuilt in 1671. There have been later alterations and additions, and restoration in the later 19th century. The castle belongs to the Marquis of Huntly whose family have held the property since at least the early 15th century. The property slowly became derelict until the 1970s when the castle was reconstructed, rather than restored, with all later additions being removed, leaving only earlier 17th century parts which were incorporated in the new building. To the north of the castle is a courtyard enclosed by a harled wall with flat coping, and with a round-arched gateway bearing Huntly coat of arms with angle bartizans to the east of the courtyard. Rectangular-plan ancillary structure to NE of courtyard, 4 basket-arched openings with boarded timber doors to ground floor, flanked to left by window, window to centre of 1st floor, boarded timber door to right of 1st floor reached by timber walkway. There are 3 regularly placed windows to left and right returns. Crowstepped gables, grey slate roof and gablehead stacks. Square-plan gatepiers to W of courtyard with coped necks and spherical finials, modern boarded timber 2-leaf gate. Rubble wall with rubble coping to SW incorporating flat-roofed structure to NW angle of castle. Rubble boundary wall extends to E of courtyard, incorporating ogee-roofed summerhouse. The castle was used as a convalescent hospital during World War I.
Last Update14/08/2017
Updated Bynackerman
Compiler 
Date of Compilation 

Easting: 352631.180012578, Northing: 799573.079698936

Google Map for NO59NW0005

National Grid Reference: NO 5263 9957



Event Details


Excavations and Surveys


Artefact and Ecofact

Ecofact

Samples
Palynology
Ecofact Notes

Monument Types

Monument Type 1Monument Type 2Monument Type 3OrderProbability
GATES  I100
WALLSBOUNDARY J100
FINIALS SPHERICAL  K100
COPES  L100
SUMMER-HOUSES  M100
COURTYARDS  N100
HOSPITALSWORLD WAR I O100
MOTTES SITE OFA85
TOWERSPEELSITE OFB90
CASTLES REMAINS OFC100
TOWERSCIRCULAR D100
BALUSTERS SITE OFE100
GABLES CROW-STEPPEDF100
GUN-LOOPS  G100
CASTLES RECONSTRUCTEDH100