Aberdeenshire SMR - NJ86NW0001 - CULLYKHAN

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Main Details

Primary ReferenceNJ86NW0001
NameCULLYKHAN
NRHE Card No.NJ86NW1
NRHE Numlink 19942
HES SM No. 11037
HES LB No.
Site Form Standing Structure
Site Condition Incomplete
Details Remains of promontory fort. Situated on a promontory with sides formed by precipitous cliffs and linked to the mainland by an isthmus no more than 4m wide, it is a multi-phase site comprising the remains of a vitrified fort consisting of a double rampart on the W, a single on the N; the site of a medieval castle at NJ 8378 6617 and consisting of a small keep; and Fort Fiddes, a late 17th century coastal battery, the surviving defence comprising a spread earthen bank about 1.2m in maximum height. The initial defence was on the knoll, the landward point of the promontory and consisted of at least one palisade, probably built in the early 1st millennium BC. Around the 4th century BC the Knoll was refortified with a vertical wall of stone and timber and an elaborate gateway; there is considerable evidence of metalworking within the defended area with working bowls and hearths, with a complete crucible found beside one of the hearths. Some time after 100 BC a timber-laced rampart was built which was destroyed by a fierce fire. A fourth phase saw the cutting of two flat-bottomed ditches across the promontory at the junction of the Knoll and the main area. Excavations were carried out in the 1967-71 by JC Greig to investigate the W rampart and open an area within the NE corner of the Iron Age occupation. A number of trenches were back-filled after excavation, the remainder were left open at the request of the landowner the Late Watt Taylor. The knoll also has the remains of a medieval castle/hall house built in the 12th century, with the remains of a with cobbled courtyard and later kitchen wing to the E. The site was refortified in the 17th century as an artillery defence, Fort Fiddes. There is also an 18th century bowling green and a 20th century coastal observation post from the last wars. The larger flat area of the promontory has been ploughed in the 19th and early 20th century according to an estate map.
Last Update15/08/2017
Updated Bynackerman
CompilerJCG
Date of Compilation 

Easting: 383780.061953774, Northing: 866189.063316241

Google Map for NJ86NW0001

National Grid Reference: NJ 8378 6618



Event Details

Event DateEvent TypeOASIS ID
1965 Excavation
1966 Excavation
1967 Excavation
1968 Excavation
1969 Excavation
1971 Excavation

Excavations and Surveys


Artefact and Ecofact

Date MDate YArtefact TypeFinderRecovery MethodConditionStorage LocationAccess No.
 1966 NEOLITHIC POTTERY JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 IRON AGE POTTERY JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 MEDIEVAL POTTERY JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 IRON CHISEL JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 BRONZE KNIFE JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 CRUCIBLE JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 BLUE GLASS BEAD JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 RUBBING STONE JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 STONE ARTEFACTS JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 FLINTS JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 JET BRACELET FRAGMENTS JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 STONE BEAD JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 IRON NAILS JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 BRONZE PIN JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 GOLD BUCKLE FRAGMENT JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 RICHARD II COIN JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 SPINDLE-WHORLS JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 PERFORATED WHETSTONE JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 SADDLE QUERN FRAGMENT JCG Excavation Personal Possession  
 1966 MOULD FRAGMENTS JCG Excavation Personal Possession  

Ecofact

Samples Wood samples, soil samples and environmental samples taken by Dr Hugh McKerrell of NMAS; many of samples subsequently lost due to contamination in laboratories and thus destroyed. Some industrial material samples recovered elsewhere and studied by Mike Spearman, NMAS.
Palynology Pollen analysis samples taken by Dr Hugh McKerrell; samples subsequently destroyed due to contamination in laboratories.
Ecofact Notes

Monument Types

Monument Type 1Monument Type 2Monument Type 3OrderProbability
FORTSPROMONTORYVITRIFIEDA100
PALISADES REMAINS OFB100
GATE-SLOTS REMAINS OFC100
PLATFORMS SCOOPEDD100
GATEWAYS REMAINS OFE100
PITSPOST F100
POSTS OAKG100
HEARTHS  H100
POTTERY  I100
CRUCIBLES  J100
CHISELSIRON K100
KNIVESBRONZELEATHER-WORKINGL100
POTTERY  N100
RAMPARTSTIMBER-LACED P100
RING-DITCHES REMAINS OFQ100
BEADSSTONE R90
BRACELETSJETREMAINS OFS100
ARTEFACTSSTONE T100
BEADSGLASSBLUEU100
NAILSIRON V100
FLINTS  W100
DITCHES FLAT-BOTTOMEDX100
STRUCTURESWOODEN Y100
POTTERY  Z100
PINSBRONZE AA100
WHETSTONES PERFORATEDAB100
BELT-FASTENINGSGOLDDRAGONAC100
COINS RICHARD IIAD100
SPINDLE-WHORLS DECORATEDAE100
DICEJET AF100
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