Aberdeenshire HER - NO59SE0009 - FINZEAN SAWMILL AND TURNING MILL

Print site NO59SE0009 Feedback on site NO59SE0009

Main Details

Primary ReferenceNO59SE0009
NameFINZEAN SAWMILL AND TURNING MILL
NRHE Card No.NO59SE22
NRHE Numlink 120084
HES SM No.
HES LB No. 3046
Site Form Standing Structure
Site Condition Complete 2
Details Finzean sawmill and turning mill, in operation since the 19th Century and still in use today. The mills comprise a group of single storey wooden buildings with two low breast wood and iron paddle wheels and the site for a third. The sawmill and turning mill were established in the early 19th century to exploit the Glen Ferrick pine woods, and is currently worked by the fourth generation of Duncans, who have worked the mill since 1850. Both mills operate using the water supplied from the Feugh. The sawmill, built in the 1820s and restored in 1999, is on the W side of the site, and is a rectangular plan mill with boarded timber walkway oversailing the entrance to the basement at the E. The sawmill continues to be used today to cut locally grown timber for a variety of uses. When the sawmill was first restored, it supplied locally grown oak timber cut at the mill for the building of the Scottish Parliament. The timber was used for the flooring in the main Chamber around the Presiding Officer's Chair. The turning mill, built in the 1830s, traditionally produced a variety of turned items, including herring barrel bungs and brush heads, but now mainly focuses on small domestic utensils such as spurtles and rolling pins. It comprises a single-storey and attic, rectangular plan mill, complete with double cast-iron frame start and awe wheel set in a granite wall to the S elevation; a square-plan steam operated kiln building (formerly wood fired); a timber lean-to smiddy, with pulleys, belt-driven metal lathes and bellows for the forge still in place (restored in 1999); a single-storey generator house; and various ancillary sheds and structures. The lade, weir and sluice gate have been rebuilt. The lades are of timber and concrete, flowing from W to E off Water of Feugh, and at the weir to the S of mill buildings, the flow is controlled by a sluice gate. The N lade drives the sawmill wheel, while the S lade is divided horizontally into lower and upper lades; the upper lade drives a small central generator wheel, discharging into tail-race of the sawmill wheel; the lower lade discharges into the tail-race of the sawmill and generator wheels to drive the turning mill wheel. There are also two cottages, to the E and W of the mill buildings, and a flat-arched double span pink granite bridge crossing the river at the E end of the site. To the northwest of the turning mill is a former bus garage, a single storey square plan building on stilts to the south and with two 2-leaf doors to the north elevation, and a grey late pyramidal roof. The mills have been owned and operated by Birse Community Trust since 1999. The two mills form a unique complex, along with the Bucket Mill a short distance to the W (NO59SE0008), and are the only mills of their kind to survive in Scotland. Drawings of the workings of the smiddy were made in 2002. T
Last Update03/03/2020
Updated Bycpalmer
Compiler 
Date of Compilation 

Easting: 359087.030610189, Northing: 791580.497378632

Google Map for NO59SE0009

National Grid Reference: NO 5908 9158



Event Details

Event DateEvent TypeOASIS ID
2002 Building Recording

Excavations and Surveys


Artefact and Ecofact

Ecofact

Samples
Palynology
Ecofact Notes

Monument Types

Monument Type 1Monument Type 2Monument Type 3OrderProbability
MILLS SAWA100
WEIRS  G100
SLUICES  H100
SMITHIES  I100
KILNS  J100
COTTAGESMILL K100
BRIDGES  L100
GARAGESBUS M100
MILLSTURNING B100
WHEELSWOOD & IRON F100
WHEELS LOW-BREASTC100
LATHES  D100
LADESMILL E100