Aberdeenshire SMR - NO67NE0008 - KINCARDINE CASTLE

Print site NO67NE0008 Feedback on site NO67NE0008

Main Details

Primary ReferenceNO67NE0008
NameKINCARDINE CASTLE
NRHE Card No.NO67NE10
NRHE Numlink 36061
HES SM No. 988
HES LB No.
Site Form Standing Structure
Site Condition Incomplete
Details Remains of castle, 13th century, of a simple curtain wall type on a quadrangular plan with rectangular gate-towers on the S and a thick outer wall with sloping plinth. Remains of apartments lie round 3 sides of the interior. Outside the castle to the E and S is a scarp which could be the remains of an original defence, mutilated by trees and now overgrown. According to Cruden the history of the castle goes back to the 12th century which suggests that the present castle had a predecessor. The Royal castle and manor were mentioned in 1212 and again in 1296. The castle is supposed to be of great antiquity and to have been occupied by Kenneth III, Alexander the Lion, Alexander III, Edward I and Robert II. The castle was granted to William, Earl of Sutherland in 1346 and does not seem to have reverted to the crown, although Robert II dated a charter there in 1383, when presumably the castle was still habitable. Nothing is known thereafter except that the property was broken up and that the castle and park passed to the Strachans of Thornton in 1475. Excavation was carried out at the castle in 2013 as part of the Scottish medieval parks project. A trench was excavated across the range of buildings on the south side of the courtyard. Material of probable medieval date was recovered from under demolition rubble; a sample of animal bone gave a radiocarbon date of 1039 -1022 AD. The floor surface revealed suggested a utilitarian function possibly as a guard room adjacent to the entrance.
Last Update15/08/2017
Updated Bybmann
Compiler 
Date of Compilation 

Easting: 367103.195579023, Northing: 775101.299083532

Google Map for NO67NE0008

National Grid Reference: NO 6710 7510



Event Details

Event DateEvent TypeOASIS ID
2013 Evaluation

Excavations and Surveys

Date MDate YTypeDurationDirector / OrganisationAuspicesFundExtent
 2013 Excavation  D Hall   
 1829  UNKNOWN ? SIR JOHN FORBES   

Artefact and Ecofact

Ecofact

Samples sample taken for radiocarbon dating.
Palynology
Ecofact Notes

Monument Types

Monument Type 1Monument Type 2Monument Type 3OrderProbability
CASTLES SITE OFA95
CASTLES REMAINS OFB100
GATE-HOUSES REMAINS OFC100
WALLSCURTAINREMAINS OFD100
COURTYARDS REMAINS OFE100