Aberdeenshire HER - NJ72NW0001 - LOANHEAD OF DAVIOT STONE CIRCLE

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Main Details

Primary ReferenceNJ72NW0001
NameLOANHEAD OF DAVIOT STONE CIRCLE
NRHE Card No.NJ72NW1
NRHE Numlink 18789
HES SM No. 90202
HES LB No.
Site Form Standing Structure
Site Condition Complete 2
Details Recumbent stone circle with low central kerb cairn, which has been reconstructed. The outer circle, 20.5 m in diameter, is formed of ten monoliths, 5 of which were prostrate but which were re-erected after excavation, and large recumbent, split in two, on the south arc. The stones are graded in height and the one immediately east of the east flanker has a vertical line of cup marks on its inner face. Round each monolith a cairn had been piled and in some of these evidence of burials were found. Neolithic pottery, of flat-rim ware type found in some cairns; others contained a similar pot with calcined bone and in a third a short cist with cremated burial and a pygmy urn. The central ring cairn with its prominent kerb, circa 16.5 m in diameter, occupies most of the interior of the circle; the central cairn is 3.65 m in diameter. It was built over a cremation pyre. A stone ladle about the size and shape of an ordinary breakfast cup was found by workmen 'cleaning out' the circle about 1863. Excavation in 1934 uncovered a large pit in the centre of the cairn containing burials, Beaker and Iron Age pottery. Other finds from the excavation included flint scrapers and a sword mould made of clay, probably of Late Bronze Age date. Associated with the circle on its east arc was a low earthen bank, probably medieval, extending in a southeast - northwest direction, but most of this was removed when the adjacent Late Bronze Age cemetery (NJ72NW0040) was excavated.
Last Update29/05/2019
Updated Bycherbert
Compiler 
Date of Compilation16/08/1990

Easting: 374761.28626992, Northing: 828849.938565447

Google Map for NJ72NW0001

National Grid Reference: NJ 7476 2884



Event Details

Event DateEvent TypeOASIS ID
1934 Excavation
2015 Field Survey

Excavations and Surveys

Date MDate YTypeDurationDirector / OrganisationAuspicesFundExtent
 1934 Excavation  KILBRIDE-JONESIAMIAM80
102015 Survey  HESHES  

Artefact and Ecofact

Date MDate YArtefact TypeFinderRecovery MethodConditionStorage LocationAccess No.
 1934 SWORD MOULD HEKJ Excavation National Museum of Scotland  
 1934 NEOLITHIC POTTERY HEKJ Excavation National Museum of Scotland EQ 464-78
 1863 STONE LADLE Stray Find National Museum of Scotland  
 1934 BEAKER HEKJ Excavation National Museum of Scotland ? EQ 451

Ecofact

Samples
Palynology
Ecofact Notes

Monument Types

Monument Type 1Monument Type 2Monument Type 3OrderProbability
STONE-CIRCLES RECUMBENTA100
CAIRNSKERB B100
STONES CUP-MARKEDC100
BONESHUMANBURNTD100
PYRESCREMATIONSITE OFE100
BOWLS  F100
URNS PYGMYG100
CAIRNSRING P100
CAIRNS  H100
CISTSSHORT J100
LADLESSTONE K100
POTTERY FLAT-RIM WAREL100
BEAKERS  M100
MOULDS SWORDN100
BANKSEARTHLOWO100